Birds of New Guinea by Pratt Thane K.; Beehler Bruce M.; Anderton John C

Birds of New Guinea by Pratt Thane K.; Beehler Bruce M.; Anderton John C

Author:Pratt, Thane K.; Beehler, Bruce M.; Anderton, John C.
Language: eng
Format: epub
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Published: 2014-02-22T05:00:00+00:00

Black-capped Lory Lorius lory

Pl 44, 49

(Western Black-capped Lory, Domicella lory)

25–30 cm. The widespread large red lory with a black cap; common in forest from lowlands to mid-mountains. This and Purple-bellied L are very similar and in flight share the same stocky profile with head and tail protruding equally. The unusually short wings whir rapidly, flashing yellow from the undersides of the primaries. The species differ in range, calls, and plumage details. Adult: Most populations of Black-capped possess a black hind-collar and in some races a black “vest” (these are actually dark blue or purple), lacking in Purple-bellied L; this species shows a dark cere (skin around the nostril) that is white in Purple-bellied. Beak orange. Juv: Dark beak; back patch greenish rather than purple; often with more red in plumage, less black. Subspp (7, in 5 groups): lory (NW Is, Bird’s Head and Neck) has purple-black vest, red underwing-coverts; erythrothorax (S Lowlands, SE Pen, except range of next subsp) breast mostly red, hindneck collar blue-black; somu (foothills of upper Fly R east to Purari R) similar to preceding, but collar absent or much reduced; jobiensis (NW Lowlands to Sepik-Ramu, also Bay Is of Mios Num and Yapen) shows reduced dark vest, and underwing dark blue or black (not red as in all previous races); cyanauchen (Biak I) also with dark underwing, but blue nape and black crown merge, and breast mostly red. Similar spp: Purple-bellied L. Other large lories show either a pointed tail or longer, rounded tail. Voice: Call a short series of varied melodious whistles or squeals, more like that of a wader or Golden Myna than of a parrot: wheedle wheedle. “Subsong” is a long series of phrases, each of a few notes repeated over and over before beginning a new phrase. Sometimes gives a monotonous series of identical notes suggesting a goshawk. Habits: Usually singly or in pairs, less often in small flocks, foraging in canopy of forest and edge for flowers, also some fruit and small insects. Nest excavated in a tree hollow. Eggs (2) white (in captivity). Range: Endemic. NG, NW Is (Batanta, Misool, Salawati, Waigeo), and Bay Is (Biak, Mios Num, Yapen), 0–1500 m.



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