i 8515af20c259829c by Unknown

i 8515af20c259829c by Unknown

Language: eng
Format: mobi
Published: 2014-06-27T02:24:21.885731+00:00


could, in His omnipotence, determine freely what was good. A human, therefore, couldn't reason from God's explicit commands to original ideas, because that would be assuming that God's will was bound by what the human mind could conceive. They took the position that the Koran gave the prescription for freezing history. Until further word from God, things shouldn't change—and further revelations from God were not to be expected, because Muhammad had declared himself the Seal of the Prophets.

Significantly, this debate unfolded in a political context. Everywhere from Cairo to Delhi was Muslim at that point. Throughout the realm, a smattering of Arabs presided over oceans of locals. Everyone in the realm accepted Islam, however, so power ultimately resided in the religious ideology.

If the orthodox school was right, the Arabs owned this ideology. The orthodox doctrine implied that questions about right and wrong, about jurisprudence, laws, and contracts, could be resolved only by recourse to the word of God as revealed in a particular time and place. Therefore, anyone who had actually been in that time and place had a leg up on knowing the truth. Those would be Arabs—Muhammad's people, with Mecca and Medina in their possession. And anyone who knew someone who had been there had the second derivative of a leg up. And so on.

By contrast, if the Mu'tazilites were correct, any Muslim anywhere, anytime, could discover from studying the Koran and the life of Muhammad the principles on which


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