Water Rights and the Environment in the United States by John Burch

Water Rights and the Environment in the United States by John Burch

Author:John Burch
Language: eng
Format: epub
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
Published: 2015-04-09T04:00:00+00:00

ANALYSIS

The Water Resources Research Act (WRRA) of 1964 was designed to stimulate research on water issues facing the United States at academic institutions around the country. Toward that end, the WRRA proposed the creation of water resources research and technology institutes or centers at each of the nation’s land-grant institutions. The respective institutes were charged with conducting research into water issues impacting the nation, training scientists and researchers for work in fields related to water resources, and disseminating research for use by professionals in the field and the general populace. The research conducted at the institutes is overseen by the U.S. Geological Survey, operating under the auspices of the secretary of the interior. There are presently 54 institutes in operation. Each of the 50 states has one, along with the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the United States Virgin Islands.

During the early 1970s, the Congressional Research Service (CRS) began evaluating the various institutes to determine whether they had proven a good use of public money. Although underfunded, the CRS determined that the institutes had proven to be a valuable resource for water planners and politicians at all levels of government. Congress responded by increasing the funding for the institutes over the course of the 1970s into the early 1980s. The entire program was broadened and reauthorized through the Water Resources Research Act of 1984.



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